Education

Important Aspects of Science & Branches of Science

What Is Science?

When you talk of science, you begin to imagine of the white lab coats, the microscopes, the fat textbooks, the astronomer who peers through a telescope, or a naturalist doing some research in the rainforest. Of course, these things can reflect what science but they may not give a full picture of what science is because it takes many facets. In definition, science is the study that involves physical and natural world done through experiments and observations. We have science all around, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the atmosphere we see are all elements of science.

Branches of Science:

Science is an organized study of nature and how objects related to it and the natural universe that revolves around experiments, measurements, the formation of laws, and observation. Science may be classed into four major branches and each branch focuses on different subjects and covers different study areas, for example, physics, and chemistry.  The four major science branches are biological science, mathematics and logic, social science, and physical science.

Mathematics and logic mainly deal with abstract concepts. Both mathematics and logic go hand in hand because they are needed when it comes to discovering or finding out how natural and social sciences work. Again, both mathematics and logic are needed when it comes to forming a hypothesis, theories, and laws.

Biological science mostly deals with living things. It is divided into sub-categories like zoology. For example, zoology involves the study of animal life including evolution, structure and habits, extinction, and embryology.  Botany is also a subcategory of biological science and it deals with plants and their life cycle. Botany also touches on plant diseases, growth, reproduction, chemical properties, their structure as well as the relationship. Ecology is the study of the environment and how it relates to the living organism. In the biological science branch, there is also paleontology that deals with the prehistoric era and the entire history of mankind.

Social science involves the study of society and how man relates to it. for example, anthropology is part of social science, and it is the study of human development and behavior. Anthropology looks at the social, cultural, and physical aspects that surround human behavior and development. Sociology is mainly concerned about human society including urban studies and group activities.

Physical science involves subcategories like chemistry, physics, geology, and astronomy. Astronomy looks at heavenly bodies, for example, the comets, planets, galaxies, and stars. Chemistry involves the study of substances and the changes they go through including their compositions. There are organic and inorganic forms of chemistry. Looking at physics, it examines matter while geology focuses on the physical property as well as the composition of the earth.

Important Aspects about Science:

Science involves both knowledge and processes. When you are in school, you may see the textbooks as science, however, that only a little portion of it. Science is a process of discovering meaning it allows people to link isolated facts to a comprehensive and coherent understanding of our natural world. Another thing is that science is exciting, useful, and ongoing. It is a global human endeavor. Because science is constantly making new discoveries and developing new concepts or theories, it means that the knowledge that is born of science needs to undergo chance to help better understand nature.

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